A military training exercise turned in to a fun sport is what known as “Parkour” or “free-running”, today. The main goal of a person doing Parkour is to go from one point to another, by jumping, climbing, rolling, vaulting, swinging or whatever possible to avoid the obstacles in his/her way. The practitioner has to do this in the fastest way possible.
What is Parkour and its History?
It means that parkour is not just the training for the body, but it also requires the focus of your mind as well. In the actual community, there are rules which are mostly influenced by the acrobatic antics as well as the philosophy of Bruce Lee. These rules train the body and the mind to focus and overcome any issue.
This can be practiced and performed in a jungle or on a roof. This is what makes it possible to do parkour anywhere in the world. However, there are special places to learn parkour which are called as parkour gyms. Also, Traceur doesn’t require any type of special equipment to do parkour yet Parkour Shoes and gloves can help one to perform better.
Origination of Parkour
Parkour is relatively a new sport and originated from France. It started in the late 1980s and most of its founders are still alive. Although it is originated from France but it is not limited to France. Thus, Parkour is originated from France but has the effect of Asian Moves (Specifically Martial Arts) in it.
Creators of Parkour and the Yamakasi Group
Originally, Parkour was first developed by Raymond Belle but his son David Belle was the first person to bring advancements in it. Further, nine Friends of David Belle founded a group called Yamakasi. This group is the original and official group of Parkour Practitioners.
Yamakasi – The Orginal Parkour Community
It would be an injustice not to mention Sébastien Foucan, Châu Belle Dinh, Williams Belle, Yann Hnautra, Laurent Piemontesi, Guylain N’Guba Boyeke, Malik Diouf, and Charles Perriére. They were the pioneers of Parkour. Combined with David Belle, they formed a group known as Yamakasi.
Do not confuse it with the film Yamakasi (2001). However, members of the Yamakasi group have appeared on many TV shows.
This group has challengers which focused them on anything hard we can imagine like sleeping on the floor without a blanket or training without food or water. They called their activity l’art du déplacement – the art of movement. They had some rules in the start which were meant to teach specific principles like sacrifice, humility, hard work and honesty.
Some of the rules found from the history of the Yamakasi group are
- Everyone should be on time for training. Being late was not allowed.
- No excuses were allowed. Your shoe is too worn out to jump? Jump barefoot!
- Do NOT hurt yourself and know your limits.
- Be humble to other fellows
- Show confidence but be your true self
Purpose of Parkour
Parkour is not the name of exercise but it is a complete training discipline. It trains the body and the mind of the person and makes it strong. In other words, It is a modern Martial Arts.
- There is respect among one’s health and well-being in Parkour.
- No Traceur ever feels superior to others.
- There are no limits in Parkour.
- There are no specific movements in Parkour but a traceur must know his limits.
- Parkour is officially a Sport (recognized first in the UK in 2017)